Native #7:
Lilium canadense

 Canada Lily (Lilium canadense)

© Bill Hilton Jr.

Canada Lily, Lilium canadense, a magnificent tall woodland lily, grows wild in damp meadows and thickets from Alabama to Quebec. The flowers are usually yellow, but may instead be orange or red, as illustrated in this photo. Seed-grown plants may take 5-6 years to flower, so planting Canada Lily bulbs is preferable. The flowers, nearly 13cm (5") in diameter, almost engulf a Ruby-throated Hummingbird that stops by for a quick sip of nectar.

If you have a sharp photo of this hummingbird flower you would like to contribute for this page, please send it to PROJECTS with info about when and where the photo was taken, the photographer's name, and any anecdotal info about the plant.


Perennial (to 2m)
Blooms mid-summer
Soil moist, slightly acid or neutral
Sun or light shade
Zones 3-8
NOTE: We are not horticulturists, so we regret we can't answer specific questions about how to plant and propagate native hummingbird flowers, but your local agriculture extension office or Master Gardener group may be able to help. We're also unable to provide names of sources from which you can order native plants. Please do NOT collect native plants from the wild unless they are growing in a site under immediate threat from development; instead, try to find a reputable nursery near you that raises native plants from cuttings or seeds.

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