Click on a country or island below for a complete list of hummingbird species found there. The number of species is in parentheses after each location. Locations NOT listed do not have hummingbirds, even in migration. (Hummingbirds are found ONLY in the Western Hemisphere; in general, the number of species increases as you move toward the equator.)

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, Archilochus colubris, are common in most of the eastern U.S. and southern Canada during the summer breeding season. In winter, their distribution changes, as follows:

  • U.S.--Rare (usually in Gulf & Atlantic coastal states)
  • Mexico--Common
  • Belize--Rare (mainly during migration)
  • Guatemala--Uncommon
  • El Salvador--Uncommon
  • Honduras--Uncommon
  • Nicaragua--Common
  • Costa Rica--Uncommon (primarily Guanacaste Province)
  • Panama--Rare northwestern section only)
  • West Indies & Cuba--Very rare

(NOTE: This section is under construction. Please check back later if a location you seek is not yet listed.)





  • Haiti (4)
  • Dominican Republic (4)
  • Puerto Rico (9)
  • U.S. Virgin Islands (4)
  • British Virgin Islands (3)
  • Anguilla (3)
  • St. Kitts & Nevis (3)
  • Antigua & Barbuda (3)
  • Montserrat (3)
  • Guadeloupe (3)
  • Dominica (4)
  • Martinique (4)
  • Saint Lucia (3)
  • Barbados (3)
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines (3)
  • Grenada (9)
  • Trinidad & Tobago (19)
  • Netherlands Antilles (8)


  • Colombia (153)
  • Venezuela (103)
  • Guyana (38)
  • Suriname (33)
  • French Guiana (30)
  • Ecuador (133)
  • Peru (130)
  • Bolivia (83)
  • Brazil (78)
  • Paraguay (20)
  • Uruguay (8)
  • Chile (12)
  • Argentina (32)
  • Falkland Islands (1)

Back to Other Hummingbird Species Page

NOTE: Although Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the primary focus of "Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project", we are also interested in other hummingbird species--especially vagrants that appear in winter (mid-October through mid-March) in the eastern U.S. If you know of a wintering hummingbird east of the Mississippi, please report it to the Research Department at Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History. We will contact a local hummingbird bander about capturing the bird, identifying and banding it, and releasing it unharmed.

If you found this information useful or interesting, please

Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History
Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project
It's painless, and YOU can make a difference!

Just CLICK on a logo below.

Make direct donations on-line through
Network for Good:
Donate a portion of your purchase price from 500+ top on-line stores via iGive:
Use your PayPal account
to make direct donations:

Share Your Hummingbird Experiences Through "Hummingbird Hobnob"

Search Engine

Operation RubyThroat is a registered trademark of Bill Hilton Jr. and Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History in York, South Carolina USA, phone (803) 684-5852. Contents of the overall project and this website--including photos--may NOT be duplicated, modified, or used in any way except with the express written permission of the author. To obtain permission or for further assistance on accessing this website, contact Webmaster.